Before turning us all into supporters of permanent work from home or of returning to the office, it is good to know these new ways.
To begin with, there is a difference between smart working and telework. Although they are often used as synonyms by the less experienced, they indicate two very different concepts and both those who already have a permanent job in the company and those who are writing the CV for the first time do well to inform yourself to get around.
In this article you will discover:
- What is smart working?
- What we mean by telelavoro
- Italian numbers
What is telework?
telework is the one you have heard the most about during the months of the pandemic. This is working away from headquarters, usually from home. The employer provides the necessary technologies, such as the laptop, and the teleworker almost always performs his duties from the same workstation, however far from the actual office.
Telework is intrinsically linked to the traditional one in the office: you have the same responsibilities and benefits, but even the same duties.
The telework in Italy is regulated by the Framework Agreement of 2004. Among the current regulations, the regular right to breaks dal teleworking and the one to rest from midnight to 5 every night.
At the same time, employees are usually required to be logged in at the same time they would be in the office, and there are programs and systems to make sure they do. In addition, the company can (and should, by law) carry out inspections to prove:
- security of the workstation at home
- An adequate separation between the home and workspace
- The regular conduct of professional activities
What is smart working?
If teleworking is a traditional business transfer, smart working is a real own new philosophy of work.
Smart working can be translated into Italian with ” agile work ”and requires thinking differently about the relationship between the employee and the company. There are no more fixed times, for example. Productivity is not measured by clocking in and following traditional corporate rules. On the contrary, the worker is free to carry out his duties when it suits him best, as long as the established objectives are reached.
Likewise, doesn’t matter where you work. If you join the meeting today from home and tomorrow from the beach, that’s fine, if you can guarantee to arrive on time and prepared. Smart workers can choose the location that allows them to work better, so they often decide to meet in an Internet cafe or at a friend’s house.
In short, if you manage to be productive and arrive at the required results, and if you always manage to attend the necessary meetings, the organization of the work is left completely independently to the employee.
This does not mean that there are no rules for smart working Italian. The bill approved in January 2016 defines smart working as an agreement between companies and employees established by a regular written contract with the right of withdrawal according to 30 days notice.
The salary is the same as that of employees in the office and smart workers are equally entitled to Email coverage for accidents and illnesses.
The numbers of smart working and telework in Italy
As we said, the coronavirus has forced the hand of Italian companies and organizations, which have had to speed up the times and put into practice teleworking and smart working, if possible, for all employees. This has given us the opportunity to collect information and data that can give us an idea of the usefulness and success of these ways of working.
In general, Italy is quite behind compared to the rest of the western world. If we exclude the pandemic, only 7% of Italians work in an “agile” way when it comes to employees. We are talking about just 250,000 employees, most of whom are located in Northern Italy. Telework is, under normal circumstances, even less popular: only 2-5% of employees work from home.
Yet, there is no need to be discouraged. The studies of the Observatory smart working of the Politecnico di Milano reveal that 50% of large Italian companies are experimenting with forms of agile work. These “experiments” led to encouraging conclusions: smart working facilitates an increase in productivity of 5-6%. Not to mention the cost-cutting resulting from the rental and proper functioning of an office with hundreds of people.
It is clear that more and more companies, organizations and associations will seek to benefit from smart working. Job seekers will now have to keep this in mind and optimize their CV to find work on the web.
Indeed, not only are daily tasks moving online. The pandemic and the new global direction of business have encouraged most companies to post advertisements and conduct interviews electronically. In the office of the future, it is very likely that people will apply, be tested and hired, and will start working without having to step out of the house.
If you still don’t have a web-friendly resume, you can choose one of the many CV templates created by professional designers who know how to get the reader’s attention through a screen.
Are smart workers freelancers?
As it should be clear by now, the world of freelancers and smart workers look alike but are completely separate.
Agile workers are employees under a regular contract. Freelancers are self-employed who work for the clients and projects they choose (or can find.) If freelancers have even more freedom and flexibility than agile workers, they also have more costs and risks.
The entire economic success of a freelancer depends not only on their professional skills but also on those of managing revenues, costs and taxes, and advertising their services (a successful freelancer is also a marketing expert.) , freelancers can be compared to owners of very small, one-person businesses.
Like smart workers, freelancers work where they want and when they want, often at the computer. To apply for a project and make known their services, they use not only the CV but also the portfolio.